Categories
Uncategorized

Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – U-Z

Val di Mazzara: A former district of Sicily, encompassing the SW portion of the island.

Val di Noto: A former district of Sicily, encompassing the SE portion of the island.

Valdina (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Valente, Antonio: b. c1520. d. 1581. Composer and musician. Blinded in his youth, he served as Organist at San Angelo a Nilo in Naples from 1565 to 1580. He published two collections of keyboard music.

Valentine (Valentinus): Pope. (rAug-Sept 827). Reigning for only a few weeks, very little is known about him. He was a Roman who was made a deacon by Pope Paschal I (r817-824) and succeeded Eugene II as Pope.

Valentius, A.: (fl. 1st Century BC) the Greek interpreter of the Roman governor Verres in Sicily.

Valenzano (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: 18,164 (2006e).

Valetium: See Baletium.

Valguarnera Caropepe (EN): A commune in the province of Enna. Population: 9,832 (2006e).

Valla, Lorenzo: (b. 1406, Rome; d. 1457, Rome). Scholar. He moved to Naples in 1435 where he became a teacher of rhetoric. He was soon moving in the upper social circles and became a good friend of King Alfonso I. Returning to Rome, he served as a canon at the church of St. John Lateran. His outspoken opinions earned him the enmity of many other scholars and he was ordered by the pope to leave Rome. Returning once more to Naples, he became, in 1448, private secretary to King Alfonso I. He soon found himself embroiled in a theological dispute resulting in a summons from the archbishop of Naples to appear before an assembly of the city’s clergy. Condemned by the assembly to be burned at the stake, he escaped and made his way to Rome to appeal to the pope. His appeal was successful and, instead of punishment, he was given a new appointment as a professor of rhetoric, restored to his position as a canon at St. John Lateran and appointed secretary to the pope. He authored many Latin sermons, commentaries on the New Testament, and Latin translations of Thucydides, Herodotus, and Homer.

Vallata (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 3,000 (2006e).

Valle Agricola (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population: 1,068 (2006e).

Valle Castellana (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.

Valle dell’Angelo (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Valle di Maddaloni (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population: 2,741 (2006e).

Valledolmo (PA): A commune in the province of Palermo.

Vallefiorita (CZ): A commune in the province of Catanzaro. Population: 2,075 (2006e).

Vallelonga (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.

Vallelunga Pratameno (CL): A commune in the province of Caltanissetta. Population: 3,754 (2006e).

Vallesaccarda (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 1,454 (2006e).

Vallo della Lucania (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Valsinni (MT): A commune in the province of Matera. Population: 1,739 (2006e).

Valva (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Valverde (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 7,546 (2006e).

Vanvitelli, Luigi: (b. 1700, in Naples; d. Mar. 1, 1773, in Naples). Architect. He was the son of native of Utrecht who had changed his name from the Flemish Van Witel to Vanvitelli. Vanvitelli showed such talent at an early age that he was appointed architect of St. Peter’s at Rome at the age of 26. His greatest achievement, however, was the creation of the great Royal Palace at Caserta (begun 1752).

Varapodio (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio di Calabria.

Vasto (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 37,657 (2006e).

Vastogirardi (IS): A commune in the province of Isernia. Population: 793 (2006e).

vatoccu, canti a (“songs in the manner of a bell clapper”): A variety of polyphonic lyric song, usually sung by 2 or 3 women, commonly in Umbria, Marche, and Abruzzo.

Vazzano (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.

Veglie (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 14,259 (2006e).

Velia (Hyele, Elea): An ancient Greek colony founded on the west coast of Lucania, between Poseidonia (Paestum) and Buxentum. It was situated about 3 miles from the river Hylas and possessed a good harbor. During Roman times, it was the site of several villas, including one belonging to Cicero who mentioned it in his letters. Although the city was considered to possess a healthy climate, Velia never attained the status of other resort cities like Baiae and had shrunk to a place of little importance by the time of Strabo.