Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – S

Province of Ragusa:

Acate, Chiaramonte Gulfi, Comiso, Giarratana, Ispica, Modica, Monterosso Almo, Pozzallo, Ragusa, Santa Croce Camerina, Scicli, Vittoria.

Province of Siracusa:

Augusta, Avola, Buccheri, Buscemi, Canicattini Bagni, Carlentini, Cassaro, Ferla, Floridia, Francofonte, Lentini, Melilli, Noto, Pachino, Palazzolo Acreide, Portopalo di Capo Passero, Priolo Gargallo, Rosolini, Siracusa, Solarino, Sortino.

Province of Trapani:

Alcamo, Buseto Palizzolo, Calatafimi, Campobello di Mazara, Castellammare del Golfo, Castelvetrano, Custonaci, Erice, Favignana, Gibellina, Marsala, Mazara del Vallo, Paceco, Pantelleria, Partanna, Petrosino, Poggioreale, Salaparuta, Salemi, Santa Ninfa, San Vito Lo Capo, Trapani, Valderice, Vita.

Sicily, Kingdom of: The insular portion of the former kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It was separated from the mainland by the Strait of Messina. It encompassed the whole of the triangular inland of Sicily in addition to several smaller nearby islands. The surface area measured about 12,500 square miles. It had a population of 1,713,945 in 1817.

                It was divided into seven intendancies:

                Palermo (population in 1817: 465,231)

                Trapani (145,712)

                Girgenti (288,877)

                Caltanissetta (155,225)

                Syracuse (Siragoza) (192,710)

                Catania (289,406)

                Messina (236,784)

Sicily, Sea (or Strait) of (It. Canale di Sicilia, Stretto di Sicilia): Sometimes called the Sicilian Sea Strait, it is a branch of the central Mediterranean Sea situated between Tunisia (to the S) and Sicily (to the N). It encompasses several islands including the Italian Pantelleria, Lampedusa, and Linosa, together called the Pelagie Islands, and Malta, Gozo, and Comiso (the Republic of Malta). The channel between Sicily and Malta is also sometimes referred to as the Strait (or Sea) of Malta.

Sicily, Strait of: See Sea of Sicily.

Sicone: Bishop of Capua (r ?-943).

Siculiana (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 4,716 (2006e).

Siderno (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria

Sikania: A place referred to by Odysseus in Homer’s Odyssey (xxiv.307). It may be a reference to Sicily.

Sikelia: an ancient Greek term for Sicily.

Sikelos: an ancient Greek term for the native people of Sicily.

Sikilřy: a medieval Norse name for the island of Sicily.

Sila silva: Ancient name for the massif of Sila in Calabria. Its name appears to derive from an Oscan word related to the Latin silva (=wood), referring its thickly wooded slopes.

Silvanus: an ancient Roman/Italic fertility god who watched over forests, groves and wild fields, as well as herds and cattle. He was often associated with Faunus. In keeping with his connection to nature, his principal attributes were a pruning knife and a pine bough. In order to placate Silvanus, an annual ritual was performed offering him the first fruits of the harvest, meat and wine. Because Silvanus was also associated with male sexual power, women were forbidden to attend his rituals.

Silverius, St.: Pope. (rJune 1, 536-Nov 11, 537).

Silvester I, St.: Pope. (rJan 31, 314-Dec 31, 335).

Silvester II: Pope. (rApr. 2, 999-May 12, 1003).

Silvester III: Pope. (r1045). His election has been questioned and he is now usually considered an antipope. He was deposed by the Council of Sutri.

Silvi Marina (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.