Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – S


Sabatini, Andrea: See Andrea da Salerno.

Sabatus fl.: An ancient river in Bruttium identified with the modern river Savuto, in the province of Cosenza. Scholars believe that its name derives from the Indo-European root *sap-/sab- (‘to taste, perceive’).

Sabelli: an Oscan-speaking people of ancient Italy. They were a loose group and seemed to have had little or no political unity. These Oscan-speaking tribes expanded over central Italy, and by the 5th cent. B.C. seem to have occupied ancient Campania and Lucania. The Samnites and Sabines were probably Sabelli.

Sabines (Sabini): an ancient Sabellian people of central Italy, related to the Samnites and Lucanians. The Sabine territory encompassed the southern part of Umbria and western Abruzzo. According to tradition, they were named for their mythical progenitor, the god Sabus (or Sabinus). The Sabines were notable for their military prowess and their social and moral severity.  They were among the earliest peoples to pose a serious threat to the fledgling Rome. The famous myth of the “Rape of the Sabine Women” was probably based on a ritual marriage of Roman men with Sabine women to seal a treaty between the two peoples. Over time, the Sabines were eventually absorbed into the Roman state, the last of them being defeated in 292 BC by the consul Curius Dentatus.

Sabinian, St.: Pope. (rSept 13, 604-Feb 22, 606).

Sacchini, Antonio Maria Gaspare: (b. 14 June 1730, Pozzuoli. d. 6 October 1786, Paris). Composer.

Sacco (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Sala Consilina (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Salandra (MT): A commune in the province of Matera. Population: 3,054 (2006e).

Salaparuta (TP): A commune in the province of Trapani.

Salapia: A city of ancient Apulia.

Salcito (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 694 (2006e).

Salemi (TP): A commune in the province of Trapani.

Salento (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Salerno, Province of: A province in Campania. Population: 1,089,737 (2007e).

Salerno (SA): A commune and provincial capital of the province of Salerno.

Salerno, School of Medicine at: (Lat: Schola Medica Salernitana; It. Scuola Medica Salernitana). One of the earliest (if not the first) true medical schools to be founded in medieval times. It played a very important role in the gathering and dissemination of medical knowledge to Europe from the 10th to the 13th Centuries, producing some of the finest physicians of that era. The schools drew medical students and scholars from throughout the Mediterranean world and beyond. In its capacity as a teaching hospital, it treated patients using medical techniques drawn from the Classical Greco-Roman world, as well as Saracen and Jewish teachings. Beyond medicine, the school also taught its students philosophy, theology, and law; all considered important to the molding of true physicians.

Salerno, Giuseppe (lo Zoppo di Gangi): fl. 1588-1630. A painter from Gangi (PA).

Salice Salentino (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 8,861 (2006e).

Salina: an island of the Isole Eolie (Lipari Islands).

Saline di Barletta: Earlier name, until 1879, for the town of Margherita di Savoia [FG].

Salle (PE): A commune in the province of Pescara.

Salve (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 4,599 (2006e).

Salvitelle (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Salvo di Antonio, Giovanni: fl. 1493-1525. Painter from Messina.

Salza Irpina (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 835 (2006e).

Sambuca de Sicilia (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 6,328 (2006e).

Sammichele di Bari (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: 6,845 (2006e).

Samnio (Molise): A province in the former kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Naples). Its territory comprised part of ancient Samnium. The smallest of the Neapolitan provinces, it had an area of about 1,200 square miles and an estimated population of about 200,000 (est 1830). It was bounded by Abruzzo Citra, the Capitanata, Principato Ultra and the Terra di Lavoro.