Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – Q-R

Q

Quadrelle (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 1,824 (2006e).

Quadri (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 920 (2006e).

Qualiano (NA): A commune in the province of Napoli.

Quarto (NA): A commune in the province of Napoli.

Quartus, St.: Bishop of Capua (rAD 83-117). He may be the martyr who, with St. Quintus, was killed in Rome during one of the persecutions. There is no reliable date for this martyrdom but the relics of the two saints were interred in the Cathedral at Capua. Feast Day: May 10. Also see St. Quintus.

Quindici (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 2,532 (2006e).

Quintus, St.: Bishop of Capua (r260-271). He may be the same as the St. Quintus who was martyred along with St. Quartus in Rome. The great difficulty in the identification of the two bishops with the two martyrs is in their dates. The martyrs were contemporaries with one another according to their “official” myth. The two bishops, however, appear to have lived about 2 centuries apart.

R

Rabatana and Saracena: Place-names found in some southern Italian centers, applied to boroughs or quarters originally founded or occupied by the Saracens in medieval times. By plotting out where these place names are found, we can get an idea of the extent of Saracen inroads in the area. Rabatana derives from the Arabis rabad (= village, city).

Saracena (CS)

commune in Calabria

Tricarico (MT)

districts of  Rabatana (Arabatana) and Saracena

Tursi (MT)

district of La Rabatana

Racale (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 10,657 (2006e).

Racalmuto (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 9,443 (2006e).

Raciti: A surname of Greek origin found in Sicily. It derives from the Greek rakhites = “mountain dweller.”

Raccuja (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Raddusa (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 3,391 (2006e).

Radelperto: Bishop of Capua (r?-835).

Radoald: Duke of Benevento (AD 646-651). A Lombard.

Raffadali (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 13,398 (2006e).

Ragalna (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 3,316 (2006e).

Ragusa, Province of: A province in Sicily.

Communes of Ragusa Province

Commune

Area

(km˛)

Population

(2007e)

Population

(2006e)

Population

(2001 census)

Population

(1991 census)

Acate

101.42

8425

8402

8,000

7,640

Chiaramonte Gulfi

126.63

8021

8070

8,099

8,424

Comiso

64.93

29647

29571

29,076

28,906

Giarratana

43.45

3242

3243

3,343

3,411

Ispica

113.52

15024

14890

14,457

14,629

Modica

290.76

53869

53587

52,639

50,529

Monterosso Almo

56.27

3343

3336

3,346

3,503

Pozzallo

14.94

18653

18490

17,936

17,176

Ragusa

442.46

72168

71969

68,956

67,535

Santa Croce Camerina

40.76

9696

9552

8,481

7,445

Scicli

137.54

25971

25905

25,614

25,255

Vittoria

181.34

61221

61088

55,317

55,280

Total

1,614.02

309,280

308,103

295,264

289,733

Ragusa (RG): A commune iand provincial capital of the province of Ragusa.

Ragusa, Giovan Battista: (fl. AD 1713 to 1727). A sculptor from Palermo.

Ragusa, Vincenzo: (b. 1841; d.1927). A painter and sculptor from Palermo.

Raino (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 2,977 (2006e).

Ramacca (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 10,616 (2006e).

Randazzo (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 11,250 (2006e).

Randazzo, Filippo (called il Monocolo di Nicosia): (fl. 1744). Painter from Nicosia [EN].

Ranulf: Rival candidate (1137-1148) of Pope Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II against Roger III (r1134-1139) for the Duchy of Apulia & Calabria.

Rapino (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 1,459 (2006e).

Rapisarda, Giuseppe: (b. 1799, at Catania; d. 1853). Painter.

Rapisardi, Michele: (b. 1822, at Catania; d. 1866). Painter.

Rapolla (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Rapone (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Rasena: The name by which the Etruscans called themselves.

Ravanusa (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 13,428 (2006e).

Ravello (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Raviscanina (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  1,372 (2006e).

Realmonte (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 4,480 (2006e).

Recale (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  7,268 (2006e).

Redemptorists: A congregation founded in 18th Century Naples by St. Alfonse Liguori. It was so-named to honor the Most Holy Redeemer.

Regalbuto (EN): A commune in the province of Enna. Population: 7,700 (2006e).

Reggio di Calabria, Province of: A province in Calabria. Population: 563,912 (2007e).

Communes of Reggio di Calabria Province

Commune

Area

(km˛)

Population

(2007e)

Population

(2006e)

Population

(2001 census)

Population

(1991 census)

Africo

51.02

3338

3363

3,465

3,223

Agnana Calabra

8.35

694

697

673

752

Anoia

10.09

2310

2310

2,378

3,020

Antonimina

22.46

1416

1422

1,442

1,532

Ardore

32.69

4807

4820

4,820

5,037

Bagaladi

30.81

1197

1211

1,286

1,437

Bagnara Calabra

24.68

10892

10956

11,230

11,048

Benestare

18.57

2450

2446

2,426

2,462

Bianco

31.67

4313

4292

4,047

3,873

Bivongi

25.30

1509

1521

1,596

1,776

Bova

46.74

479

482

474

602

Bovalino

17.95

3807

8404

8,358

8,307

Bova Marina

29.52

8423

3851

3,967

4,371

Brancaleone

35.91

3815

3825

3,882

4,014

Bruzzano Zeffirio

20.88

1285

1316

1,401

1,842

Calanna

10.49

1069

1068

1,183

1,446

Camini

17.15

762

774

736

859

Campo Calabro

7.46

4223

4180

4,074

3,801

Candidoni

26.62

367

388

410

497

Canolo

28.22

873

889

957

1,104

Caraffa del Bianco

12.29

589

599

622

808

Cardeto

36.30

2089

2132

2,325

2,825

Careri

38.21

2404

2402

2,443

2,536

Casignana

24.48

796

806

775

836

Caulonia

100.73

7434

7473

7,756

8,259

Ciminŕ

48.77

639

642

683

838

Cinquefrondi

29.83

6520

6532

6,461

6,450

Cittanova

61.82

10468

10574

10,675

10,540

Condofuri

58.53

5015

5046

5,055

5,461

Cosoleto

33.83

954

987

976

1,154

Delianuova

21.04

3506

3524

3,584

3,718

Feroleto della Chiesa

7.62

1808

1837

1,872

2,018

Ferruzzano

19.09

829

839

852

916

Fiumara

6.92

1108

1125

1,201

1,402

Galatro

50.51

1975

2021

2,307

3,032

Gerace

28.57

2891

2932

2,973

3,065

Giffone

14.47

2086

2113

2,182

2,420

Gioia Tauro

38.99

18038

18006

17,762

18,484

Gioiosa Ionica

35.99

6970

7015

7,044

7,071

Grotteria

37.90

3367

3423

3,611

4,096

Laganadi

8.26

438

458

498

617

Laureana di Borrello

35.42

5387

5449

5,709

6,442

Locri

25.62

12843

12958

12,997

12,650

Mammola

80.56

3220

3273

3,389

4,039

Marina di Gioiosa Ionica

15.93

6521

6470

6,440

6,307

Maropati

10.30

1615

1645

1,736

1,836

Martone

8.26

588

599

597

737

Melicuccŕ

17.15

1031

1034

1,079

1,214

Melicucco

6.37

4997

4996

4,996

5,063

Melito di Porto Salvo

35.33

11327

11245

10,506

10,727

Molochio

37.32

2647

2688

2,803

3,078

Monasterace

15.65

3493

3520

3,426

3,520

Montebello Ionico

55.67

6562

6627

6,922

7,521

Motta San Giovanni

46.73

6340

6386

6,449

6,592

Oppido Mamertina

58.55

5430

5457

5,559

6,252

Palizzi

52.26

2494

2494

2,709

3,085

Palmi

31.84

19438

19461

19,435

19,116

Pazzano

15.49

719

758

799

954

Placanica

29.26

1342

1361

1,507

1,824

Platě

50.01

3765

3775

3,823

3,840

Polistena

11.70

11405

11436

11,591

11,960

Portigliola

5.98

1293

1294

1,343

1,356

Reggio di Calabria

236.02

184179

184369

180,353

177,580

Riace

16.05

1749

1721

1,605

1,694

Rizziconi

39.72

7942

7927

7,650

7,479

Roccaforte del Greco

54.03

682

704

802

1,213

Roccella Ionica

37.48

6709

6706

6,762

7,121

Roghudi

36.49

1321

1310

1,365

1,530

Rosarno

39.46

14885

14948

15,051

13,191

Samo

998

1019

1,097

1,198

San Ferdinando

4411

4485

4,339

4,335

San Giorgio Morgeto

3390

3354

3,384

3,764

San Giovanni di Gerace

566

567

609

748

San Lorenzo

2984

3074

3,357

3,934

San Luca

4185

4167

4,106

4,413

San Pietro di Caridŕ

1484

1528

1,715

1,980

San Procopio

582

590

617

708

San Roberto

1960

2007

1,985

2,668

Santa Cristina d’Aspromonte

1030

1054

1,095

1,168

Sant’Agata del Bianco

703

706

715

724

Sant’Alessio in Aspromonte

366

387

436

552

Sant’Eufemia d’Aspromonte

4013

4031

4,074

4,184

Sant’Ilario dello Ionio

1350

1341

1,389

1,565

Santo Stefano in Aspromonte

1330

1370

1,470

1,472

Scido

1009

1017

1,047

1,152

Scilla

5140

5108

5,176

5,555

Seminara

3208

3259

3,352

3,965

Serrata

915

924

964

1,183

Siderno

17718

17501

16,734

16,274

Sinopoli

2260

2298

2,329

2,535

Staiti

321

325

395

516

Stignano

1390

1368

1,373

1,645

Stilo

2794

2788

2,816

3,139

Taurianova

15716

15779

15,799

16,056

Terranova Sappo Minulio

528

543

537

545

Varapodio

2244

2252

2,329

2,460

Villa San Giovanni

13440

13387

13,119

12,785

Total

3,183

563,912

565,541

564,223

576,693

Reggio di Calabria (RC): A commune and provincial capital of the province of Reggio Calabria.

Reggio Calabria – Bova, Archdiocese of: A Metropolitan archdiocese in the Ecclesiastical Region of Calabria.

Suffragans:

Metropolitan:

Conference Region: Calabria

Area: 1,004 km˛/ mi˛

Total Population: 280,580.

Catholic Population:

Total Priests: 163(Diocesan: 109; Religious: 57)

Permanent Deacons: 30

Male Religious:

Female Religious:

Parishes: 121.

History:

Regione, la (the Region): the mafia’s governing body for the entire island of Sicily. It was established in 1975.

Reina, Calcedonio: (b. 1843, at Catania; d. 1911). Painter.

Reino (BN): A commune in the province of Benevento. Population: 1,344 (2006e).

Reitano (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Reliquary (Ital. reliquiario): A receptacle for the relics (usually bones) of one or more saints. They can range very simple in form and materials to highly elaborate and made of precious material.

Rende (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 35,143 (2006e).

Rene I “the Good” of Anjou: (b. 1409; d. Aix, 1480). Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence. King of Naples (r.1435-1442).He was the son of Louis II. In 1434 he succeeded his brother Louis III as Duke of Anjou and Count of Provence. After the death of Queen Joanna II (1435), Rene claimed the Neapolitan throne in opposition to Alfonso V of Aragon. In 1438, Rene was able to take possession of Naples and appeared on his way to ultimate victory. Upon the death of his general, Caldora, however, Rene’s fortunes turned and, in 1442, he lost Naples to Alfonso. Rene escaped capture and sailed back to Provence on a Genoese ship. Although he continued to claim the thrones of Sicily and Jerusalem for the remainder of his life, he was never able to actively attempt to possess them again. He died in 1480 at Aix, in Provence, the last Angevin to possess Naples. Upon his death, Provence was annexed by France.

Resuttano (CL): A commune in the province of Caltanissetta. Population: 2,335 (2006e).

rhapsode: an ancient Greek bard or minstrel.

Rhegium (Grk. Rhegion) (mod. Reggio di Calabria): ancient city, S Italy, on the Strait of Messina. It is the modern Reggio di Calabria. Founded (c.720 B.C.) as a colony of Chalcis, many Messenians later settled there. It maintained a certain level of power and wealth thanks to its location on the Straits of Messina, until its defeat and destruction (386 B.C.) by Dionysius the Elder of Syracuse. The Romans, who favored it, called the city Rhegium Julium. It is mentioned in Acts 28.13. The name is sometimes spelled Regium.

Riace (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.

Riardo (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  2,499 (2006e).

Ribera (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 19,669 (2006e).

Ricadi (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.

Ricca, Michele: fl. 17th Century. Metal smith from Palermo.

Riccardo da Lentini: (fl. 1239-1911). Sicilian architect.

Riccia (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 5,613 (2006e).

Riccio, Angelo: fl. 15th century. A sculptor from Messina.

Riccio, Antonello: fl. 16th century. Painter from Messina.

Riccio, Mariano: fl. 16th century. Painter from Messina.

Ricigliano (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno

Riesi (CL): A commune in the province of Caltanissetta. Population: 11,602 (2006e).

Rignano Garganico (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 2,202 (2006e).

Richard of Mandra: fl. 2nd half of the 12th century. Norman nobleman. Count of Molise and chancellor to Margaret of Navarre, Queen regent of Sicily. In 1157, while serving as constable of the rebellious Count Robert III of Loreto, he was capyured by King William I. Later, in 1161, he joined a conspiracy against the king but changed his mind and saved William’s life as the risk of his own. In 1166, he was appointed Count of Molise by the Queen Regent Margaret of Navarre, who also chose him as chancellor. The relationship between the Queen and Richard are much debated, but in 1167, Margaret was forced to replace him as chancellor with Stephen du Perche. A year later, Richard was accused by Bohemond of Tarsia and Count Robert of Caserta of conspiring againg the new chancellor. Soon afterward he was tried and found guilty of having illegally obtained certain lands. After being stripped by these properties he appealed to King William II. Unfortunately, rather than receiving justice, Richard was thrown into prison. It is believed that that Richard’s unfortunate fate was the result of a plot designed by his great enemy, Gilbert, Count of Gravina.

Rionero in Vulture (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Rionero Sannitico (IS): A commune in the province of Isernia. Population: 1,170 (2006e).

Ripa Teatina (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 4,079 (2006e).

Ripabottoni (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 636 (2006e).

Ripalimosani (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 2,707 (2006e).

Riposto (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 14,729 (2006e).

Rivello (): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Rivelo, Francesco: fl. 17th century. Metal smith from Palermo.

Rivisondoli (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 726 (2006e).

Rizziconi (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.

Rizzo, Pietro: fl. 16th-17th centuries. Metal smith from Palermo.

Robert Guiscard: Count (r1057-1059) and later Duke (r 1059-1085) of Apulia & Calabria (r 1057-1059).

Robert of Syracuse, St.: (fl. AD 1000). Benedictine abbot. He headed the monastery at Syracuse, Sicily. (Feast Day: Apr. 25).

Robert “the Wise”: King of Naples (r1309-1343).

Roberto di Oderisio: fl. 14th century. Painter from Palermo.

Rocca d”Evandro (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  3,573 (2006e).

Rocca di Botte (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 690 (2006e).

Rocca di Cambio (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 498 (2006e).

Rocca di Mezzo (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,547 (2006e).

Rocca di Neto (KR): A commune in the province of Crotone. Population: 5,592 (2006e)

Rocca Imperiale (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 3,286 (2006e).

Rocca Monfina: an extinct volcano (3,200 ft) located in northern Campania, near Teano (CE). There are several trails along the edge of the volcano which preserve prehistoric human footprints. Known locally as “Devil’s Trails” because in earlier times they were thought to have supernatural origins, it is now concluded that they were the footpaths left in newly formed volcanic ash by early human ancestors about 385,000 years ago. Measuring the stride of the walkers revealed that they probably stood about 1.5 meters in height. The existence of a handprint also suggests that they still needed to steady themselves with their hands while walking distances.

Rocca Pia (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 189 (2006e).

Rocca San Felice (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 871 (2006e).

Rocca San Giovanni (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 2,332 (2006e).

Rocca Santa Maria (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.

Roccabascerana (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 2,351 (2006e).

Roccabernarda (KR): A commune in the province of Crotone. Population: 3,368 (2006e).

Roccacasale (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 714 (2006e).

Roccadaspide (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno

Roccafiorita (ME): A commune in the province of Messina

Roccaforte del Greco (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria

Roccaforzata (TA): A commune in the province of Taranto

Roccagloriosa (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno

Roccalumera (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Roccamandolfi (IS): A commune in the province of Isernia. Population: 1,044 (2006e).

Roccamena (PA): A commune in the province of Palermo.

Roccamonfina (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  3,698 (2006e).

Roccamontepiano (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 1,893 (2006e).

Roccamorice (PE): A commune in the province of Pescara.

Roccanova (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Roccapalumba (PA): A commune in the province of Palermo.

Roccapiemonte (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Roccarainola (NA): A commune in the province of Napoli.

Roccaraso (AQ): A commune (Area: 50,00 km˛. Alt. 1,236 m) in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,690 (2006e).

Historical Population:

1861

1871

1881

1901

1911

1921

1931

1936

1951

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

2,157

2,330

2,459

2,520

2,123

1,870

1,648

1,650

1,421

1,516

1,504

1,616

1,668

1,604

Roccaromana (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  1,016 (2006e).

Roccascalegna (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 1,396 (2006e).

Roccasicura (IS): A commune in the province of Isernia. Population: 605 (2006e).

Roccaspinalveti (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 1,570 (2006e).

Roccavaldina (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Roccavivara (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 942 (2006e).

Roccella Ionica (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.

Roccella Valdemone (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Rocchetta a Volturno (IS): A commune in the province of Isernia. Population: 1,071 (2006e).

Rocchetta e Croce (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  512 (2006e).

Rocchetta Sant’Antonio (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 2,032 (2006e).

Rodi Garganico (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 3,695 (2006e).

Rodi Milici (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Rodriguez, Alonzo: (b. 1578, at Messina; d. 1648). Painter.

Rofrano (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Roger I: Great Count of Sicily (r1071-1101). He was succeeded by his son Simon.

Roger I Borsa: Duke of Apulia & Calabria (r 1085-1111).

Roger II: Duke of Apulia & Calabria (r1127-1134); Count of Sicily (r1105-1130); King of Sicily (r1130-1154).

Roger III: Duke of Apulia & Calabria (r1134-1148) (opposed by Ranulf – r1137-1148). He was the son of Roger II, King of Sicily.

Roger III: King of Sicily (r1193-1194).

Roger IV: Duke of Apulia & Calabria (r1154-1161). On his death, the title of Duke of Apulia & Calabria was left vacant until 1189.

Roger V: Duke of Apulia & Calabria (r1189-1193).

Roggiano Gravina (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 7,555 (2006e).

Roghudi (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.

Rogliano (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 5,958 (2006e).

Roio del Sangro (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 135 (2006e).

Romagnano al Monte (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Roman Catholicism in Southern Italy (excluding Sardinia):

Largest Dioceses in Southern Italy by Population in 2004

 (Source: www.Catholic-Hierarchy.org)

Diocese

Catholic

Population

Total

Population

Percent Catholic

Napoli  (Archdiocese)

1,600,000

1,608,000

99.50%

Palermo (Archdiocese)

930,000

960,000

96.88%

Catania (Archdiocese)

724,332

733,656

98.73%

Bari-Bitonto (Archdiocese)

712,000

720,000

98.89%

Salerno-Campagna-Acerno (Archdiocese)

534,000

550,000

97.09%

Aversa

523,794

552,512

94.80%

Pozzuoli

502,700

510,720

98.43%

Nola

502,000

523,900

95.82%

Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela (Archdiocese)

486,329

487,429

99.77%

Agrigento (Archdiocese)

463,200

473,200

97.89%

Taranto (Archdiocese)

405,870

409,350

99.15%

Cosenza-Bisignano (Archdiocese)

377,000

379,000

99.47%

Siracusa (Archdiocese)

320,000

330,000

96.97%

Chieti-Vasto (Archdiocese)

308,600

313,500

98.44%

Pescara-Penne (Archdiocese)

292,000

298,000

97.99%

Brindisi-Ostuni (Archdiocese)

291,000

294,220

98.91%

Reggio Calabria-Bova (Archdiocese)

277,219

279,418

99.21%

Trani-Barletta-Bisceglie (-Nazareth) (Archdiocese)

274,060

286,560

95.64%

Benevento (Archdiocese)

265,000

266,300

99.51%

Lecce (Archdiocese)

258,225

260,988

98.94%

Conversano-Monopoli

246,761

249,261

99.00%

Catanzaro-Squillace (Archdiocese)

245,326

249,426

98.36%

Teramo-Atri

240,000

248,000

96.77%

Sorrento-Castellammare di Stabia (Archdiocese)

237,996

240,146

99.10%

Nocera Inferiore-Sarno

227,000

236,574

95.95%

Acireale

223,623

225,725

99.07%

Mazara del Vallo

220,659

233,706

94.42%

Piazza Armerina

218,000

224,000

97.32%

Foggia-Bovino (Archdiocese)

217,000

219,200

99.00%

Caserta

215,000

220,000

97.73%

Noto

211,000

212,546

99.27%

Ravenna-Cervia (Archdiocese)

211,000

230,320

91.61%

Nardň-Gallipoli

204,093

206,071

99.04%

Crotone-Santa Severina (Archdiocese)

201,185

202,270

99.46%

Trapani

197,982

202,018

98.00%

Otranto (Archdiocese)

197,042

198,042

99.50%

Ragusa

188,953

196,069

96.37%

Capua (Archdiocese)

186,000

190,000

97.89%

Monreale (Archdiocese)

185,000

193,413

95.65%

Oppido Mamertina-Palmi

173,990

177,400

98.08%

Altamura-Gravina-Acquaviva delle Fonti

161,864

165,090

98.05%

Mileto-Nicotera-Tropea

160,000

166,000

96.39%

Patti

160,000

164,000

97.56%

Gaeta (Archdiocese) *

159,175

159,315

99.91%

Vallo della Lucania

156,520

158,866

98.52%

Caltagirone

154,323

157,082

98.24%

Caltanissetta

153,000

154,050

99.32%

Manfredonia-Vieste-San Giovanni Rotondo (Archdiocese)

152,800

154,906

98.64%

Potenza-Muro Lucano-Marsico Nuovo (Archdiocese)

151,200

152,000

99.47%

Sora-Aquino-Pontecorvo

151,100

152,893

98.83%

Avellino

143,500

146,000

98.29%

Matera-Irsina (Archdiocese)

140,000

140,899

99.36%

Lamezia Terme

139,400

140,000

99.57%

Molfetta-Ruvo-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi

134,734

135,905

99.14%

Rossano-Cariati (Archdiocese)

133,500

134,000

99.63%

Locri-Gerace (-Santa Maria di Polsi)

132,511

134,043

98.86%

Andria

132,000

138,740

95.14%

San Severo

128,500

130,500

98.47%

Campobasso-Boiano (Archdiocese)

124,000

126,000

98.41%

Ugento-Santa Maria di Leuca

123,800

125,000

99.04%

Castellaneta

120,398

126,031

95.53%

Teggiano-Policastro

118,600

119,400

99.33%

Avezzano

115,000

118,000

97.46%

Cefalů

110,000

113,254

97.13%

San Marco Argentano-Scalea

108,512

110,777

97.96%

L’Aquila (Archdiocese)

106,000

108,300

97.88%

Termoli-Larino

105,835

106,500

99.38%

Cassano all’Jonio

104,200

106,800

97.57%

Acerra

103,860

108,291

95.91%

Amalfi-Cava de’ Tirreni (Archdiocese)

102,700

103,351

99.37%

Cerignola-Ascoli Satriano

101,042

104,728

96.48%

Lanciano-Ortona (Archdiocese)

90,205

90,855

99.28%

Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant’Agata de’ Goti

89,570

90,716

98.74%

Melfi-Rapolla-Venosa

89,000

90,000

98.89%

Sessa Aurunca

85,500

87,720

97.47%

Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi-Conza-Nusco-Bisaccia (Archdiocese)

84,500

85,000

99.41%

Nicosia

81,250

81,500

99.69%

Teano-Calvi

80,000

80,000

100.00%

Sulmona-Valva

79,508

80,716

98.50%

Montecassino (Territorial Abbey) *

79,000

79,000

100.00%

Lucera-Troia

74,000

76,543

96.68%

Ariano Irpino-Lacedonia

72,902

74,055

98.44%

Alife-Caiazzo

67,600

69,000

97.97%

Acerenza (Archdiocese)

60,000

60,200

99.67%

Isernia-Venafro

58,000

60,100

96.51%

Trivento

57,150

57,210

99.90%

Ischia

53,000

55,700

95.15%

Tricarico

44,000

45,000

97.78%

Lungro degli Italo-Albanesi (Eparchy)

32,800

33,182

98.85%

Piana degli Albanesi (Eparchy)

28,500

30,000

95.00%

Pompei o Beatissima Vergine Maria del SS.mo Rosario

 (Territorial Prelature)

24,550

25,916

94.73%

Montevergine (Territorial Abbey)

15,800

16,000

98.75%

Santissima Trinitŕ di Cava de’ Tirreni (Territorial Abbey)

7,200

7,200

100.00%

Roman Empire: At its height, during the reign of Trajan (d. AD 117), the Roman Empire encompassed an area of 2,200,000 sq. miles (5,698,000 sq. km.). If compared with the nations of the modern world, it would rank 7th in size, between Australia and India.

Roman Period: Roman Republic: In Sicily, the period from 241 to 31 BC. Roman Empire: 31 BC-AD 476.

Roman Roads of Southern Italy:

Via Appia

1st phase: 312 BC; Rome to Capua, built by Censor Appius Caecus

2nd phase: 250 BC; Capua to Beneventum, by Appius Claudius Pulcher

3rd phase: 214 BC; Beneventum to Brundisium (by 2 routes, one through Venusium and the other through Tarentum)

Via Aquilia

From Capua, through Campania, Lucania, and Bruttium, to Rhegium. Constucted by M. Aquilius Gallus, proconsul, and praetor in Sicily

Via Campana

See Via Consularis.

Via Consularis

Sometimes called Via Campana. Between Capua and Cumae, with a branch to Puteoli.

Via Domitiana

Coast road from Sinuessa to Surrentum, constructed by Emperor Domitian in the late 1st Century AD.

Via Egnatia

A branch of the Via Appia, from Beneventum, through Canusium and Egnatia, to Brundisium.

Via Numicia

From Corfinium, through northern Samnium, to Venusia.

Via Trajana

A branch of the Via Appia, between Tarentum and Rhegium, on the coast. Repaired by Trajan.

Romanus: Pope. (rAug-Nov 897).

Rombiolo (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.

Rometta (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Rosa, Salvatore: (b. 1615, Naples; d. 1673). Painter and engraver.

rosabella, a: A variety of multi-part song.

Rosarno (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.

Rosciano (PE): A commune in the province of Pescara.

Roscigno (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Rose (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 4,354 (2006e).

Rosello (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 313 (2006e).

Roseto Capo Spulico (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 1,822 (2006e).

Roseto Degli Abruzzi (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.

Roseto Valfortore (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 1,267 (2006e).

Rosolini (): A commune in the province of Siracusa.

Rossano (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 36,438 (2006e).

Rossano – Cariati, Archdiocese of:

Suffragans:

Metropolitan: Cosenza – Bisignano.

Conference Region: Calabria

Area: 1,415 km˛/ mi˛

Total Population: 120,446

Catholic Population:

Total Priests: 88(Diocesan: 66; Religious: 22)

Permanent Deacons: 3.

Male Religious:

Female Religious:

Parishes: 52.

History:

Rossi, Mariano: (b. 1731, at Sciacca [AG]; d. 1807). Painter.

Rota Greca (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 1,242 (2006e).

rotella rosa: a badge worn by Jews in the medieval kingdom of Sicily.

Rotello (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 1,294 (2006e).

Rotonda (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Rotondella (MT): A commune in the province of Matera. Population: 3,061 (2006e).

Rotondi (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 3,483 (2006e).

Rovito (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 3,070 (2006e).

Rubi: A city of ancient Apulia.

Ruffano (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 9,597 (2006e).

Rufino, S.: Bishop of Capua (rAD 410-420).

Rufo, S.: Bishop of Capua (rAD 80-83).

Ruoti (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Russo, Pietro: (fl. 1604-1607). Sicilian sculptor.

Rutelli, Mario: (b. 1859, in Palermo; d. 1941). Sculptor.

Rutigliano (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: 17,895 (2006e).

Rutino (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Ruviano (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population:  1,872 (2006e).

Ruvo del Monte (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.

Ruvo di Puglia (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: 25,900 (2006e).

Ruzzolone, Pietro: (fl. 1484-1526). Painter from Palermo.