Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – O


O


Ocre
(AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,059 (2006e).
Odoacer (Odovacar; Audawakrs)
: (b. AD 435; d. AD 493). (see full page)
Oebalia: An alternate name for Tarentum.
Oebalus: A mythical ruler in ancient Campania. He was the son of Telon and the river nymph Sebethus.

Oenotrians (Oenotri): An ancient people who occupied much of Apulia, Lucania, and northern Calabria. Possessing an Iron age culture, they appear to have emigrated across the Adriatic Sea from Illyria during the 11th century BC. The arrival of the Greeks in the 8th Century began to force the Oenotrians inland from the coastal regions. The Oenotrians began to finally disappear with the advance of the Sabellian peoples during the 5th Century BC.

It is believed that the Oenotrians derive their name from the Greek word oinos (=wine), so-called because the first contact was made in a vine-growing area.
Oenotrides: Two ancient islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the coast of Lucania. They sat opposite to the city of Velia (Elea) and the mouth of the river Helos.
Ofena (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 608 (2006e).

Ogliastro Cilento (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
oikistes: a title for the founder of an ancient Greek colony.
oikos: an ancient Greek household.
Oldest Surviving Cities in Southern Italy:

Catania

8th Century BC

Messina

8th Century BC

Palermo

8th Century BC

Reggio di Calabria

8th Century BC

Siracusa

734 BC

Taranto

c708 BC

Napoli

c600 BC

Cosenza

bef. 331 BC

Olevano sul Tusciano (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

oli oledda, a: A variety of Calabrian multi-part song.
Olivadi (CZ): A commune in the province of Catanzaro. Population: 635 (2006e).

Oliveri (MA): A commune in the province of Messina.

Oliveto Citra (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
Oliveto Lucano (MT): A commune in the province of Matera. Population: 558 (2006e).
omertà: the mafia “code of silence.” The term is believed to derive from the Sicilian word umirtà (= humility).

Omignano (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
Opi (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 470 (2006e).

Oppido Mamertina (RC): A commune in the province of Reggio Calabria.
Oppido Mamertina – Palmi, Diocese of:
Suffragans:
Metropolitan: Reggio Calabria – Bova
Conference Region: Calabria
Area: 930 km²/ mi²
Total Population: 177,386.
Catholic Population:
Total Priests: 96(Diocesan: 79; Religious: 17)
Permanent Deacons: 10.
Male Religious:
Female Religious:
Parishes: 66.
History:
Ops: Ancient Roman earth and fertility goddess.
Orange (Ital. Arancia): A citrus fruit grown in many varieties throughout Sicily and southern Italy. Among the most famous is the Sicilian orange, known as a “blood orange” because of its bright, ruby-red flesh.
Oratino (CB): A commune in the province of Campobasso. Population: 1,350 (2006e).
orazioni: A variety of Sicilian narrative folk song.
orbi: A variety of Sicilian narrative folk song.
Ordinary: An ecclesiastical leader of a specific jurisdiction. An Ordinary may or may not be a bishop.
Ordona (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 2,617 (2006e).
orecchiette: a pasta made in Puglia made in the shape on small ears, for which it is named. Each piece is created from a small thin round of pasta pressed in the center by a thumb to fashion out a hollow.
Oria (BR): A commune in the province of Brindisi. Population: 15,419 (2006e).
Oricola (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,037 (2006e).
Oriolo (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 2,797 (2006e).
Orlando, Vittorio Emanuele: (b. 1860, Palermo; d. 1952). Politician and Jurist. He served as Prime Minister of Italy from 1917 to 1919. He was one of the four leaders of the victorious western allies who shaped reshaped Europe after the end of World War I.

Orria (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
Orsara di Puglia (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 3,131 (2006e).
Orsogna (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 4,084 (2006e).
Orsomarso (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 1,426 (2006e).
Orta di Atella (CE): A commune in the province of Caserta. Population: 16,930 (2006e).
Orta Nova (FG): A commune in the province of Foggia. Population: 17,830 (2006e).
Ortelle (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 2,476 (2006e).
Orthon: an athlete of ancient Syracuse. He was victor in the Stadion at the Olympian Games in 148 BC.
Ortona (CH): A commune in the province of Chieti. Population: 23,635 (2006e).
Ortona dei Marsi (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 737 (2006e).
Ortucchio (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,971 (2006e).
Oscan (1): an Oscan-speaking member of an ancient people of Campania. The name derives from the Latin Osci, (pl. Opsci), or the Greek Opici. The ancient name translates literally to “worshippers of Ops.” Ops was an ancient Italic harvest goddess, whose name is related to the Latin ops (gen. opis) (= “abundance, plenty, wealth, riches”).
It is believed that the Oscans were the earliest inhabitants of Campania, and held control over much of central and southern Italy.
Oscan (2): an extinct Italic language of ancient southern Italy.

English

Oscan

Latin

English

Oscan

Latin

across

pert

trans

Italy

Vítelio

Italia

after

post

post

judgment

medikatif

iudicium

against

kontrud

contra

Jupiter

Lucetius

Jupiter

alive

bius

vivus

kings

rhēges
reges (Samnite)

rex
regis

altar

aaso

ara

largest

maims

maximus

assembly

kombennis

comitium

last

oltiums
postems

ultimus
postremus

bad

mal

malus

law

lís

lex
ius

baker

carensis

pistor

leader

niir
regatur

dux
princeps

best

valaíms

optimus

magistracy

medikis

magistratus

blame

kulupo

culpa
culpo

malicious

malass

malevolus

boundary

slass,
teremennis

terminus

man

niir

vir

boy

puklum

puer
puerulus

Mars

Mamers

Mars

bread

caria

panis

May

Maesius

Maius

bridge

ponttro

pons
ponte

middle

mess

medius

brother

fratir

frater

money

aragetum
eítiuvo

nummis
argentum (silver)

bull

taur

taurus

monument

memnim

monumentum

citizen

keus

civis

mother

maatir

mater

city

tovto

urbs

outside

ehtrad

externus

commander

embratur

imperator

path

liímíz

semita

day

diíkol

dies

people

tovto

homines

defendant

preivaz

reus

place (holy)

fííno

sacrarium

destroy

pertumo

perdo
perimo

pray

uro

oro

dinner

kersnu

cena

public

moíníss
tovtíks

publicus

district

teerom

regio
tractus

punish

molto

punio

divine

deíus,
deivins

divinus

ring

ungulus

anulus

door

verum

ostium

road

vío

via

earth

tero

terra

ruler

regatur

gubernator

eat

edo
karo

edo
peredo

sacred

saahz
saker.

sacer
santus

evil

mal

malus

senate

senaz

senatus

fault

kulupo

culpa

she

íok

haec

flower

fluus

flos

shrine

pestlom

fanum
delubrum

four

petora

quattuor

silver

aragetum

argentum

free

lovfir

liber

slave

famel

servus
famulus

fugitives

brettioi (Lucanian).

fugativi

son

puklum

filius

garden

horz

hortus

spokesman

sverruf

orator
locutor

gift

dunom

donum

sport

luisar

lusus

god

deíus

deus

state

tovto

civitas

goddess

deívo

diva

statue

statif

statua

greatest

maims

maximus

street

vío

via

grove (sacred)

horz,
lovss

lucus

surrender

dado

dedo

hand

manus

manus

temple

kaílo,
pestlom,
sakaroklom

templum
fanum

hater

usur

aspernator

territory

teerom

regio
terra

hatred

kaz

odium

tower

tiurris

turris

he

ízík

is
hic

treasury

thesavrom

aerarium

her

suvo

suus

Venus

Herentaz

Venus

herself

essuf

ipsa

wagon,
cart

veia

vehus

himself

essuf

ipse

wall

feíss

murus

his

suus

eius

witness

sverruf,
tríz

testis

holy

saahz

sactus
sacer

wolf

hirpus (Samnite)

lupus

home

tríbom

domus

worship

kebno

adoleo

human being

humuf

humanus

year

akuf

annus

independent

lovfir

liber

youth

vereio

invenis

Ospedaletto D’Alpinolo (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 1,738 (2006e).
Ossuna, Pedro Tellez y Giron, Duke of: (b. Jan. 8, 1579; d. Sept 25, 1624). Spanish statesman. In 1611, he became viceroy of Sicily and, in 1616, transferred to Naples. Incredibly ambitious, he unsuccessfully intrigued to seize the throne of Naples for himself in 1618. Recalled to Spain in 1620, he was imprisoned and died in 1624.
Ostrogoths:
Ostuni (BR): A commune in the province of Brindisi. Population: 32,682 (2006e).
Otranto (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 5,492 (2006e).
Otranto, Terra di: A former province of the Two Sicilies, corresponding to the present province of Lecce. Encompassing the extreme end of the SE portion of the Italian boot, its capital was located at Lecce. With an area of 3,293 sq. miles and a population of 447,982 (1862), it measured 102 miles in length and had a breadth ranging between 25 and 35 miles. It encompassed the territory of ancient Iapygia or Messapia. Among the most fertile parts of the southern Italian mainland, it produced excellent wine, as well as corn, olive-oil, cotton, figs, almonds and oranges. The local tobacco was described as being the best grown in Italy. Although the interior of the province was blessed with fertility and a pleasant environment, the coastal regions were afflicted with malarial marshes.

Ottati (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
ottava rima: An 8-line song commonly found in the central Italian regions of Lazio. Tuscany and Abruzzo.

Ottaviano (NA): A commune in the province of Napoli.
ounce: (Lat.: uncia; Ital. onza). the basic unit of currency in medieval Sicily, although no coin of that denomination was minted.

Ovindoli (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 1,270 (2006e).