Encyclopedia of Southern Italy – N

N


Naevius Cneius
: (b. Campania; d. 204 BC, in Ustica). An ancient Roman poet, he was a contemporary of Livius Andronicus, and predated Ennius. After serving in the Roman army during the First Punic War, he wrote De Bello Punico, an epic poem on that conflict. He also authored several dramas imitating Greek works, as well as a number of comedies during with Roman or national subjects. His flair for satire ran him afoul of several Roman notables who arranged his arrest and deportation from Rome as an alien. He settled at Ustica, in North Africa, where he died.
Naiades Himeriai (Naiads of Himera): a group of nymphs who watched over the thermal springs of the ancient Greek town of Himera, on the north coast of eastern Sicily.
Naples (city): See Napoli.

Naples (Golfo di Napoli), Gulf (Bay) of: An inlet of the southern Tyrrhenian Sea, bounded on the NW by Capo Miseno and by the Sorrentine Peninsula on the SE. Its boundaries are further marked on the north by the islands of Ischia and Procida, and on the south by Capri.
Naples (Napoli), Kingdom of: The continental portion of the former kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It comprised the entire southern portion of the Italian peninsula. It’s northern border, running from lat. 42 degrees 53 minutes to 41 degree 10 minutes, was separated on its eastern (Adriatic) end from the Papal States by the River Tronto, while at its western (Mediterranean) end by the Pontine marshes. At its greatest N-S length, it measured 350 miles, while at its greatest E-W breadth it was 120 miles. In area it was roughly 30,000 square miles, somewhat larger than Scotland.
The kingdom of Naples was divided into the provinces of:
Napoli
Terra di Lavoro
Principato Citra
Principato Ultra
Abruzzo Ultra Primo
Abruzzo Ultra Secondo
Abruzzo Citra
Samnio (Molise)
Capitanata
Terra di Bari
Terra d’Otranto
Basilicata
Calabria Citra
Calabria Ultra Primo
Calabria Ultra Secondo
The Neapolitan provinces had an estimated population of about 5,700,000 in the 1830s.
Napoletano-Calabrese Dialects: An Indo-European language group centered in Calabria and Campania. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian. Dialects: Napoletano (Sub-dialects: Neapolitan, Tirrenic), Northern Calabrese-Lucano (Sub-dialects: Lucanian, Basilicatan).It has a vigorous existence and is not endangered. A large literature. Some scholars believe it ought to be classified as Southern Romance instead of Italo-Western. In 1976, it had 7,047,399 speakers. It has a limited inherent intelligibility with Standard Italian. Although Neapolitan and Calabrese, the two principal branches, are very different from each other, both have intelligibility with Sicilian. Southern Calabrian is actually so close to Sicilian dialects that several linguists would prefer that it be reclassified into that family. Neapolitan Sub-dialects: Neapolitan proper (spoken in the center city of Naples), Irpino, Cilentano, Laziale Meridionale, Marchigiano Meridionale, Teramano, Abruzzese Orientale Adriatico, Abruzzese Occidentale, Molisano, Dauno-Appenninico, Garganico, Apulo-Barese, Lucano Nord-Occidentale, Lucano Nord-Orientale, Lucano Centrale, Area Arcaica Lucano-Calabrese, and Calabrese Settentrionale.

Napoli, Province of: A province in Campania. Population: 3,082,756 (2007e).

Communes of Napoli Province

Commune

Area

(km²)

Population

(2007e)

Population

(2006e)

Population

(2001 census)

Population

(1991 census)

Acerra

54.09

52403

50808

45,688

41,311

Afragola

17.99

63787

63486

62,319

60,065

Agerola

19.62

7392

7370

7,348

7,508

Anacapri

6.39

6450

6397

5,855

5,324

Arzano

4.68

37299

37632

38,510

40,098

Bacoli

13.29

27388

27357

26,507

26,475

Barano d’Ischia

11.07

9706

9591

8,591

7,738

Boscoreale

11.20

27102

27326

27,618

27,310

Boscotrecase

7.49

10765

10875

10,638

11,295

Brusciano

5.64

15657

15559

15,309

14,019

Caivano

27.11

36945

36901

36,966

35,855

Calvizzano

3.91

12395

12446

12,133

10,122

Camposano

3.34

5423

5403

5,303

5,429

Capri

3.97

7258

7247

7,064

7,075

Carbonara di Nola

3.53

2167

2123

2,025

1,837

Cardito

3.16

20868

20830

20,683

20,105

Casalnuovo di Napoli

7.75

50537

50287

47,940

32,134

Casamarciano

6.26

3309

3315

3,283

3,589

Casamicciola Terme

5.60

8196

8088

7,374

6,505

Casandrino

3.25

13449

13532

13,245

11,617

Casavatore

1.62

19025

19208

20,087

20,869

Casola di Napoli

2.57

3803

3783

3,660

3,542

Casoria

12.03

81259

81847

81,888

79,707

Castellammare di Stabia

17.71

65420

65707

66,929

68,733

Castello di Cisterna

3.97

6972

6990

6,716

6,416

Cercola

3.74

19215

19165

18,876

16,901

Cicciano

7.07

12321

12360

12,573

12,793

Cimitile

2.70

6847

6885

6,840

6,537

Comiziano

2.44

1802

1820

1,769

2,009

Crispano

2.25

12669

12612

12,072

10,467

Ercolano

19.64

55952

16024

56,738

61,233

Forio

12.85

16190

31566

14,554

11,526

Frattamaggiore

5.32

31258

15971

32,731

36,089

Frattaminore

1.99

15920

108772

15,072

13,873

Giugliano in Campania

94.19

110065

29785

97,999

60,096

Gragnano

14.56

29818

18634

29,553

28,616

Grumo Nevano

2.92

18442

18373

18,644

19,524

Ischia

8.05

18440

4636

18,253

16,013

Lacco Ameno

2.07

4622

5974

4,273

3,936

Lettere

12.03

6007

1681

5,605

5,415

Liveri

2.63

1682

58996

1,815

1,870

Marano di Napoli

15.45

58838

6833

57,448

47,961

Mariglianella

3.22

7039

30443

6,199

5,393

Marigliano

22.60

30366

2123

30,083

28,517

Massa di Somma

3.47

5936

5921

5,908

5,492

Massa Lubrense

19.71

13637

13429

12,880

12,029

Melito di Napoli

3.72

36401

36042

34,208

20,095

Meta

2.19

7971

7938

7,696

7,392

Monte di Procida

3.65

13290

13268

12,838

12,490

Mugnano di Napoli

5.27

34117

33897

30,069

25,246

Napoli

117.27

975139

984242

1,004,500

1,067,365

Nola

39.00

32751

32745

32,730

32,613

Ottaviano

19.85

23562

23519

22,670

21,973

Palma Campania

20.78

14775

14804

14,613

13,405

Piano di Sorrento

7.33

12946

12998

12,833

12,473

Pimonte

12.43

6007

5970

5,884

5,601

Poggiomarino

13.28

20856

20611

19,653

17,409

Pollena Trocchia

8.11

13691

13756

13,326

12,216

Pomigliano d’Arco

11.44

39806

40060

40,519

43,089

Pompei

12.41

25745

25728

25,751

25,177

Portici

4.52

56009

57059

60,218

68,980

Pozzuoli

43.21

83128

82535

78,754

75,142

Procida

4.14

10638

10652

10,575

10,559

Qualiano

7.26

25421

25414

24,542

20,054

Quarto

14.17

39154

38799

36,543

30,587

Roccarainola

28.10

7275

55261

7,182

7,062

San Gennaro Vesuviano

6.97

10842

7243

10,035

8,287

San Giorgio a Cremano

4.11

48079

10728

50,763

62,258

San Giuseppe Vesuviano

14.09

27961

48777

24,531

26,336

San Paolo Bel Sito

2.97

3436

27871

3,356

3,013

San Sebastiano al Vesuvio

2.63

9737

3459

9,849

9,486

Sant’Agnello

4.09

6018

9800

8,421

8,183

Santa Maria la Carità

3.93

11385

11,302

10,860

10,135

Sant’Anastasia

18.76

8919

28040

28,023

27,300

Sant’Antimo

5.83

28260

31114

31,672

30,985

Sant’Antonio Abate

7.87

31207

18932

18,124

16,936

San Vitaliano

5.30

19026

6030

5,562

5,013

Saviano

13.78

15174

15126

14,755

13,101

Scisciano

5.46

5428

5317

4,881

4,390

Serrara Fontana

6.69

3156

3119

3,060

2,904

Somma Vesuviana

30.74

34369

34196

33,261

29,079

Sorrento

9.93

16581

16565

16,536

16,459

Striano

7.58

7945

7788

7,507

6,984

Terzigno

23.51

17272

16985

15,870

13,653

Torre Annunziata

7.33

47573

47959

48,011

52,875

Torre del Greco

30.66

88918

88372

90,607

101,361

Trecase

6.14

9221

9154

9,179

9,595

Tufino

5.25

3618

3567

3,247

3,042

Vico Equense

29.30

20597

20523

20,048

18,967

Villaricca

6.85

29492

28705

26,175

22,114

Visciano

10.89

4605

4613

4,621

4,424

Volla

6.16

23214

23198

21,574

19,250

Total

1,171.9

3,082,756

3086622

3,059,196

3,016,026


Napoli (Eng: Naples; anc. Palaeopolis, Neapolis): The principal city of Campania and the largest city in southern Italy. Capital of the region of Campania and the province of Napoli.
Napoli, Archdiocese of: Metropolitan Archdiocese in the Ecclesiastical Region of Campania.
Suffragans: Acerra, Alife-Caiazzo, Aversa, Capua, Caserta, Ischia, Nola, Pompei, Pozzuoli, Sessa Aurunca, Sorrento-Castellammare di Stabia, Teano-Calvi.
Metropolitan:
Conference Region: Campania
Area: 274 km²/ mi²
Total Population:1,647,645
Catholic Population:
Total Priests: 1,012 (Diocesan: 448; Religious: 564)
Permanent Deacons: 210
Male Religious:
Female Religious:
Parishes: 287.
History:
Napoli, Kingdom of: See Kingdom of Naples.
Nardo’ (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 30,723 (2006e).

Nardodipace (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.
Naro (AG): A commune in the province of Agrigento. Population: 8,670 (2006e).

Naso (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.
nave (Ital. navara): the central space in a church. It is usually flanked by aisles.
Navelli (AQ): A commune in the province of L’Aquila. Population: 616 (2006e).
Navy, Royal Italian:

Ship’s Name

Year Completed

Displacement (tons)

Naxos: The earliest ancient Greek colony on Sicily. It was founded in c 734 BC on Capo Schisò, on the eastern shore of Sicily, by Greeks from Cumae and Euboea. Never a major city itself, it founded the more important Catana and Leontinoi as its own daughter-colonies. Its location made it the first city usually visited by any ships arriving from the Italian mainland, giving it a certain strategic and commercial value. Thucles, the original leader of Naxos’ colonists, founded the important Altar of Apollo the Leader, a shrine venerated by all Sicilian Greeks. Travelers about to set out on voyagers would visit the shrine to offer prayers to the god in hopes of a safe journey. Arriving sailors similarly gave thanks there for their good fortune.

‘Ndrangheta: A criminal organization which arose in 19th century Calabria and still infests the region today. Best noted for their numerous kidnappings, the organization also is involved in drug trafficking, political bribery, fraud, and murder. The name derives from the Greek andragathía, a word meaning “heroism” and “virtue”, traits totally lacking among the organization’s members. Although the ‘Ndrangheta is often associated with other criminal groups like the Sicilian Mafia and the Camorra of Naples, it operates independently. Unlike the mafia, the 50 to 200 “families” of the ‘Ndrangheta are linked by actual blood relationships.
Neapolis: (=”new city”). Ancient name for the city of Naples/Napoli.
Neapolis: A city of ancient Apulia.

Neapolitan Fever: One of the many names given to Bucellosis. A form of typhus once common in Campania, by the early 20th century, it had practically disappeared. It is also known under the names Bang’s disease, Cyprus fever, Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Bruce’s septicaemia, and Mediterranean fever.
Neglia, Francesco Paolo: b. May 22, 1874, Enna. d. July 31, 1932, Germany. Composer.

Nemoli (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.
Nenna, Pomponio: b. c1550, Bari. d. bef. Oct. 22, 1613, Rome. Renaissance Composer. He was especially noted for his madrigals, originally collected into eight books (books 2 and 3 are now lost), as well as some sacred music. He was a teacher of the nobleman composer Gesualdo, the Prince of Venosa, from 1594 to 1599.

Nereto (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.
Neri, Nicola: (b. Oct. 28, 1761, Acquaviva Collecroce [CB]. d. 1799). Statesman, doctor, writer, philosopher. During the period of short-lived Parthenopean Republic, he served as Commissioner of Molise. When the Bourbons returned to power, he was executed. A descendant of the Croatian refugees who settled at Acquaviva Collecroce in the mid-16th century, he helped to preserve the local language and culture there.
Nethuns: Etruscan god of water. He was the counterpart of the god Poseidon and was adopted by the Romans as Neptune. Like the latter, his symbols were the trident, the anchor, the dolphin and the sea horse.
Neviano (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 5,673 (2006e).
Nicholas I “the Great”, St.: Pope. (r Apr. 24, 858-Nov 13, 867).
Nicholas II: Pope. (rDec 6, 1058-July 27, 1061).
Nicholas III: Pope. (rNov 25, 1277-Aug 22, 1280).
Nicholas IV: Pope. (rFeb 22, 1288-Apr 4, 1292).
Nicholas V: Pope. (rMar 6, 1447-Mar 24, 1455).
Nicolosi (CT): A commune in the province of Catania. Population: 6,745 (2006e).

Nicoluccio Calabrese: (b. Calabria; fl. early 16th century). A pupil of the painter Lorenzo Costa, he attempted to kill his master with a knife after the latter reputedly included a caricature of him in a painting.
Nicosia (EN): A commune in the province of Enna. Population: 14,756 (2006e).

Nicotera (VV): A commune in the province of Vibo Valentia.

Nicotera, Marcoantonio: (fl. c1590-1600). Painter. A member of the School of Naples, he was a pupil of P. Crisnolo. One of his notable works is a painting in church of S. Nicola alla Dogana in Naples depicting The Virgin and Child, St. Jerome, and St. Blaise.
Niscemi (CL): A commune in the province of Caltanissetta. Population: 26,737 (2006e).

Nisida: a small (diameter: 0.5km) islet (alt. 105 m) of the Flegrean archipelago.
Nissoria (EN): A commune in the province of Enna. Population: 2,941 (2006e).

Nizza di Sicilia (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.
Nobile (pl. nobili): A member of the Italian social class corresponding to the English gentry. The designation could be carried by both men and women. Although a nobile might not carry any other higher title, it was likely that he or she possesses a coat of arms and substantial property.
Nocara (CS): A commune in the province of Cosenza. Population: 523 (2006e).

Nocciano (PE): A commune in the province of Pescara.

Nocera Inferiore (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.

Nocera Superiore (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno .
Nocera Tirinese (CZ): A commune in the province of Catanzaro. Population: 4,705 (2006e).
Noci (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: 19,468 (2006e).
Nociglia (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 2,593 (2006e).
Nodus: a military order of 300 knights initiated by Louis of Taranto, king of Sicily, in c1352. The group was so-named because each knight worn on his breast a golden knot studded with gems, meant as a symbol of common friendship.

Noepoli (PZ): A commune in the province of Potenza.
Noicattaro (BA): A commune in the province of Bari: Population: (2006e).
Nola (or Campana): A bell. According to sound traditions Paulinus, Bishop of Nola, first introduced bells into churches.

Nola (NA): A commune in the province of Napoli.
Norman period: Royal dynasty from Normandy in France, ruling Sicily 1061-1194.
Nortia: Etruscan goddess of fate and fortune.

Notaresco (TE): A commune in the province of Teramo.

Noto (SR): A commune in the province of Siracusa.
Nova Siri (MT): A commune in the province of Matera. Population: 6,587 (2006e).

Novara di Sicilia (ME): A commune in the province of Messina.

Historical Population Figures

Census
Year

1861

4,996

1871

5,419

1881

5,613

1901

6,792

1911

6,673

1921

6,785

1931

5,866

1936

5,720

1951

4,932

1961

4,324

1971

3,059

1981

3,039

1991

2,197

2001

1,731


Novelli, Pietro: (b. 1603, Sicily; d. 1647). Painter.

Novi Velia (SA): A commune in the province of Salerno.
Novoli (LE): A commune in the province of Lecce. Population: 8,352 (2006e).
Nuceria Alfaterna (modern Nocera): A city of ancient Campania. Situated on the river Sarnus (mod. Sarno) and on the Via Appia, it was to the SE of Nola. Captured by the Romans during the Samnite Wars, it was destroyed by Hannibal after the battle of Cannae. Later rebuilt, Roman veterans were settled there by Augustus and Nero.
Nusco (AV): A commune in the province of Avellino. Population: 4,437 (2006e).